Sahiwal Division is one of the nine Divisions of Punjab Province of Pakistan. As of 1998, current regions of Sahiwal had a population of 6,271,247 people, with an annual growth-rate of 1.92% Since 2008, Sahiwal District along with Okara District and Pakpattan District has comprised the Sahiwal Division. In 1865, It was named Montgomery after Sir Robert Montgomery, then Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab. Later, it was made the capital of the Montgomery District. Its name was reinstated as Sahiwal in 1966.
The City of Sahiwal is the capital of both the district and the division. About 18 miles south-west of Sahiwal is Harappa, an ancient city of the world, oldest urban center of Harappa or Indus civilization in South Asia. About 28 miles (45Km) West of Sahiwal, at Kamalia, is the site of Malli city captured by Alexander the Great in 325 bc. Alexander stayed in this region of Punjab for two years and fought almost 12 wars during his stay. Sahiwal is approximately 180 Km from the major city Lahore and is the city between Lahore and Multan.